A chemical engineer must have a deep understanding of thermodynamics, surface chemistry, interface and nucleation kinetics, refrigerant chemistry, fluid dynamics, and physical chemistry. Some common responsibilities of chemical engineers are enhancing cooling systems, developing techniques to optimize homogenous nucleation, determining impact of surface treatments on homogenous nucleation, optimizing surface coatings in multiphase flow. A chemical engineer may also work with design teams, assist in the development of cooling systems, and develop test plans, design experiments, and hardware to validate theories.
An aerospace engineer must be capable of thoroughly understanding integral and differential calculus, statics and dynamics, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, strength of materials, electrical fields and currents, optics, nature and property of materials, heat transfer, and soil mechanics. As an aerospace engineer you would be responsible for developing design opportunities, utilizing skills and experiences to improve products and design new innovative products, designing and drawing components. You may also assist in technical design related to other engineering activities, support test of products, provide engineering support in the manufacturing of existing products, and communicate data, specifications, and designs.
An environmental engineer is typically responsible for evaluating environmental data to support chemical fate and transport assessments, evaluating human exposures to chemicals consumer products or chemicals in the environment, and reviewing scientific literature and regulatory requirements for all areas of environmental science and engineering. Additionally, environmental engineers may assist in analyses and preparation of technical papers, communicate complex technical issues clearly, and assist in producing reports and proposals.
A nuclear engineer must be educated about reactor core design, reactor testing, computational skills, nuclear phenomena, reactor operations, safety measures, and diffusion theory. Usually, a nuclear engineer is responsible for performing plant walk-downs, reviewing mechanical analyses, preparing and reviewing calculations, reviewing engineering and vendor documents, and reviewing the calculations of the installation contractor and engineering change packages. A nuclear engineer might also coordinate with component lead to supply design inputs, become familiar with the plant's design and licensing documents, perform assigned emergency response organization activities, provide technical oversight and engineering disposition of issues during work implementation phases, and interface with site engineering branches to ensure seamless transition of configuration control, programs, and system changes.
For those who are interested in chemistry, physics, and mathematics, you are most likely pursuing a degree in chemical engineering. By obtaining a bachelor's or master's degree in chemical engineering, you are capable of performing many different jobs, such as a chemical engineer, aerospace engineer, environmental engineer, and nuclear engineer. These jobs can be technical and demanding, but to a person who is interested in chemical engineering, each job can be very rewarding. All of these jobs have the same basic concept behind them, despite their differences; they combine chemistry, physics, and mathematics in order to convert raw materials into more valuable or useful items.